Ninth Street Women: Lee Krasner, Elaine de Kooning, Grace Hartigan, Joan Mitchell, and Helen Frankenthaler: Five Painters and th

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Ten Books Every Creative Person Should Read

A large room, with good light. Walls: primer white, pocked with holes and scraps of masking tape. Floor: level, probably concrete, maybe plywood, either way, scuffed and stained with ink, paint, grease, dead gobs of plaster, resin, hot glue. Of the furniture, there are probably shelves, a large table, a stool with a back, maybe a flat file, all most likely born from McMaster-Carr, the deliriously proportioned supply company that God used to build the world.
Beyond that, so much more is possible. Imagine a room where 20 angled drafting tables were set in a double-sided 50-yard line like a wooden rooftop, their joints pinned every few feet by cans of brushes and pens, each precisely different. Picture slabs of marble piled to the ceiling, styrofoam beads floating past my feet in a ghostly breeze, house paint cracked next to jars of expensive imported pigment, oil slopping down a wall, photographic negatives pinned up like a murder wall. Four-foot propane torches firing stone crucibles filled with liquid aluminum; paper cutters like guillotines; four-foot squeegees and light-box tables topped with rubber capes.
These are artists’ studios, the place where the work happens, and the reason I think, that so many writers are drawn to the art world. No room combines a fetish for process with the gut-instinct potential like a studio, and nobody commands one like an artist. Yet as we cannot all of us become flies on studio walls, we can turn to the world of books about artists and their sacred spaces: to learn how and when they worked, who was there, how much it cost. The following books all give us some sense, not only of the studio and the artist, but what came from it, and they are essential reading for those interested in the world of contemporary art.

1. Art Talk: Conversations with 15 Women Artists by Cindy Nemser

This updated edition (from 12 to 15), a must-read for any woman who creates for a living, has extraordinary interviews with Barbara Hepworth, Sonia Delaunay, Louise Nevelson, Lee Krasner, Alice Neel, Grace Hartigan, Marisol, Eva Hesse, Lila Katzen, Eleanor Antin, Audrey Flack, Nancy Grossman, Isabel Bishop, Betye Saar, and Janet Fish. These women speak seriously about their own processes and materials in a way that feels like being in the studio with them; we learn the little stuff, that Krasner always squeezes her paint into a can and cuts it with turpentine, holding it as she works; Hartigan uses, at one point, a mitt made of lamb’s wool to apply paint; Hesse’s rubber and cheesecloth works often contain fine layers of plastic and mesh to give them a hidden structure. Along the way, they discuss their failures, ego, and intentions with complete openness, thanks to Nemser’s thoughtful, probing, “say both” approach. Krasner tells Nemser, for example, when asked how much her support of Jackson Pollock took out of her, she says “I wouldn’t know. And while you ask ‘How much did it take out of me as a creative artist?’ I ask simultaneously, ‘What did it give?’ It is a two-way affair at all times. I would have given anything to have someone giving me what I was able to give Pollock.”

2. Seven Days in the Art World by Sarah Thornton

In Seven Days in the Art World, an investigation-slash-ethnography of art world spaces—an auction house, a studio, an art fair, the Turner Prize, an art-school critique, and the Venice Biennale—Thorton thoughtfully transcribes what she first sees in the (highly elite) spaces of a world that, as she writes, is “so diverse, opaque, and downright secretive, it is impossible to be truly comprehensive.”

3. 33 Artists in 3 Acts by Sarah Thornton

Though it is an impossible task after all, thankfully, Thorton did not stop here; she kept on and produced a followup, 33 Artists in 3 Acts, which divides interviews and commentary on 33 artists thematically into Politics, Kinship, and Craft. Photographer Cindy Sherman, sculptor Yayoi Kusama, performance artist Andrea Frasier, and interdisciplinary artist Francis Alÿs are just a few of the people she spends time with, observing them as thoughtfully and transcriptively as she did the surrounding market in Seven Days.

4. Basquiat: A Quick Killing in Art by Phoebe Hoban

This exceptionally moving biography of painter Jean-Michel Basquiat is exquisite, haunting, and beautifully written. Hoban’s exhaustive research culminates in a full portrait not only of Basquiat himself and all of his works, but those around him who enabled him—in every sense—to rise to the top of the contemporary art scene before overdosing at the age of twenty-seven. Basquiat left behind thousands of artworks, some of which now sell on the secondary market for tens of millions apiece, along with estate-branded sweatshirts and iPhone cases—but this portrait of his self, described as a onetime girlfriend as “a brilliant painter, a horrible egotist, he was a total selfish brat, he was a kind, gentle, pained spirit, he was a hurt little boy, an arrogant old man, and everything in between… [he] was just a rare person,” will stay with you for a long, long time.

5. Ninth Street Women by Mary Gabriel

I’ll admit I am still—still!—working my way through this extraordinary book, academic in its rigor and fully human in its empathy. This multi-person biography of the lives and careers of Lee Krasner, Helen Frankenthaler, Grace Hartigan, Elaine de Kooning and Joan Mitchell is a healing balm to all the reporting that has come before about these artists. Instead of describing the size of the shadows they lived behind (men like Jackson Pollock, Robert Motherwell, Willem de Kooning etc), Gabriel brings them into the light all on their own.

6. Before Pictures by Douglas Crimp

This memoir by Crimp, the influential scholar and critic, brings us through his life as a young gay man from Idaho who finds a new life in the New York art world of the ’60s and ’70s, and his critical work to canonize the queer artists of his time. It is highly personal, written almost conversationally, and studded with sharp observations about his own writing and extraordinary encounters with artists like Agnes Martin.

7. Holy Terror: Andy Warhol Close Up by Bob Colacello

Warhol’s Factory might be the most famous studio in contemporary art, and Colacello’s 1990 biography is still the most complete picture of Warhol’s life and work. This revised edition delivers an update on the market forces that have continued to raise his value, too. Warhol’s early journey, from a shy boy in Pittsburgh to a Madison Avenue advertising agency, is nicely illustrated, as is, of course, his later life as the most well-known artist in the world.

8. Just Kids by Patti Smith

As someone who has never once connected with the music of Patti Smith (I’ve even seen her perform in small rooms and felt… nothing), I didn’t expect to love this memoir about her friendship with photographer Robert Mapplethorpe as much as I did, but it is a beautiful story of what it means to be friends with someone who is truly talented, and it will leave an ache in your stomach, a bittersweet nostalgia for those early friendships with magic wizards, the kind of people who can put a feather on top of a rock and pronounce it profound without being wrong.

9. Robert Smithson: The Collected Writings edited by Jack Flam

In Dia:Beacon, there lies installed a large pile of broken glass which upon seeing, you—and every viewer—hovers, fearful and and desirous, wanting to lie down, to touch it, to be near it. That’s Atlantis by Robert Smithson, the sculptor most famous for Spiral Jetty, the swirl of rocks in Utah set atop the Great Salt Lake. In this volume, he writes lucidly about everything: other artists, his own process, the cost of train tickets, cigarettes and paint, highways, architecture, public problems, ideas, solutions. The perfect book for someone who is interested in space, time, systems, engineering, and the nitty-gritty of life as an artist in the 20th century.

10. Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: A Sourcebook of Artists’ Writings, Second Edition edited by Kristine Stiles

This enormous book of primary sources contains it all: poems, manifestos, plans, statements, critiques, and of course, interviews, with over a hundred new artists over the first edition, including David Wojnarowicz, Julie Mehretu, Carrie Mae Weems, Feliz Gonzales-Torres, Shirin Neshat, Catherine Opie, and Maurizio Cattelan, to name only a few. If you buy a single book on this list, this should be it, and keep it on your coffee table (not the formal one, but the one you actually drink your coffee at) for the next decade as you parse through whenever you need to be reminded that though the creative life might be lonely, you are not alone.

Image credit: Unsplash/Taelynn Christopher.

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